The Solemnity of the Mother of God is a reminder that Christ’s birth was only the beginning of the great story of Christmas, a story filled with mysteries that call the people of God to believe so that they may understand.
The Council of Ephesus, held in A.D. 431 confirmed the dogma on the Mother of God, stating:
“The One whom [Mary] conceived as man by the Holy Spirit, who truly became her Son according to the flesh, was none other than the Father’s eternal Son, the second person of the Holy Trinity. Hence the Church confesses that Mary is truly ‘Mother of God.’”
The second half of the Hail Mary, beginning with the address, “Holy Mary, Mother of God,” can trace its roots back to this council.
But the dogma has its roots in Scripture. It is founded on the mystical union between Christ and his Church and Mary, the mother of the Church.
When the angel Gabriel greeted Mary, she pondered what kind of greeting “Hail, full of grace” may be, and in fact great saints and Church Fathers have been pondering the mystery of the Incarnation ever since. I’d like to revisit the part of the Nicene Creed that describes Jesus to highlight his divine nature:
“We believe in one Lord, Jesus Christ, the only Son of God, eternally begotten of the Father, God from God, light from light, true God from true God, begotten not made, consubstantial with the Father. Through him all things were made.”
This theology comes right from the beginning of the Gospel of John, when the beloved disciple writes, “The Word was with God, and the Word was God … without him nothing was made that has been made.”
This Word becoming flesh was the miracle that was great enough to amaze even the archangel Gabriel. In the study, “Mary: A Biblical Walk with the Blessed Mother,” Dr. Edward Sri reflects that Gabriel had been loving and praising the almighty, all-loving, and all-powerful infinite God since the beginning of time. But then one day God calls Gabriel to go down to “this little obscure village of Nazareth, to this tiny woman, a creature named Mary, and announce to her that the almighty God that he has been adoring and praising is about to become a little baby in her womb.”
Reflecting on Mary’s role in salvation, Sri also traces the parallels between John 19 and Revelation 12. In Revelation 12, the Apostle John refers to a woman who is mother of both the Messiah and of Christians.
Revelation 12 reads, “She gave birth to a son, a male child, destined to rule all the nations with an iron rod. Her child was caught up to God and his throne” (Rev. 12:5).
Then, in Rev 12:17, the dragon, known to be Satan, seeks to wage war against, “the rest of her offspring, those who keep God’s commandments and bear witness to Jesus.”
Many theologians refer to these witnesses as the mystical body of Christ. When seen in that light, Christ’s last words to Mary and John make perfect sense.
John 19:26-27 states, “When Jesus saw his mother and the disciple there whom he loved, he said to his mother, ‘Woman, behold, your son. Then he said to the disciple, ‘Behold, your mother.’”
John was the only apostle at the Cross. The rest had abandoned Jesus, so Jesus was in a very real way calling his mother the mother of the Church at the time. With all of these Scripture passages shining light upon the great role Mary plays in the story of salvation, if we believe that Christ is God then it is only fitting to say Mary is the Mother of God.
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